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Molecular Nanotechnology – Nano Robotics

An emerging branch of technical research, design and manufacturing nanobots will have an incomparable impact on science and industry. Also known as nanorobots, nanites or nanomachine, these devices are in the development phase and only the primitive nanomachine has been tested. The word nano describes a length of measurement equal to one billion that is the width of approximately 10 atoms. The resulting small robot machine may be smaller in the form of some molecules in length or width. Although the origin of the word nanobot is not ambiguous, two details may apply.


First of all, a nanorobot is an instrument, artificial or biological, capable of working at a near-atomic level and doing preprogrammed work. This is in contrast to any living organism, where dynamic biological nanomachines are only present and where they accomplish the easily observed functions on the macro scale. A beautiful example is the flagellar motor of a bacterial cell, which is a fully functional rotary motor which is only 45 nm long but runs with self-assembly, high efficiency, and bacteria stimulates the cell through the fluid. In order to realize synthetic autonomous nanorobots, there are many challenges to face, which can make their biological counterparts rival, and may eventually become the cause of therapeutically useful applications, many times. To solve the issues of control and communication, and to solve the difficulties of power transfer on small scale, they need a combination of basic science and robotics to develop appropriate construction and assembly strategies.

Nanorobotics is a technique for making machines or robots near a nanometer (10-9 m) microscopic scale. Nanorobotics refers to nanotechnology – an engineering discipline for the design and construction of nanorobots. These devices are 0.1-10 micrometres and are made up of nanoscale or molecular components. Since no artificial, non-biological nanorobot has not yet been made, they are creating a drama concept. To describe these hypothetical devices, nanorobots, monoids, monocytes, or nanometers have also been used. Nanorobots can be used in various application areas such as medicine and space technology.


Nowadays, these nanorobots play an important role in the field of bio-medicine, especially for cancer, cerebral aneurysm, removal of kidney stones, to eliminate defective parts in DNA structure, and for some other treatments, which require excessive support Save a human life. A modern approach to making functions in nanorobots can benefit from such fundamental research. While there is still plenty of room below, the integration of active incidents in the design of the micro-and nanosystem is expected to generate exciting new robot systems. Robotics science will report on the development of next-generation microbes and nanorobots, along with the development of their potential applications including biomedical field.

Application Of NanoRobots

  1. Nanorobotics in Surgery
  2. Diagnosis and Testing
  3. Nanorobotics in Gene Therapy
  4. Nanorobots in Cancer Detection and Treatment
  5. Nanodentistry

Approaches used for development of NanoRobots

  1. Ancillary devices for processing different chemical reactions in the affected organs
  2. Biochip
  3. Nubots
  4. Positional Nano-Assembly
  5. Usage of Bacteria

Hurdles/Obstacles In NanoRobotics Technology

There are some obstacles in the way of making useful nanobots. From the top, the most difficult obstacle is the power supply. Battery and solar cells are not viable solutions for this problem. Atomic energy, in which the thin layer of radioactive material is painted on the surface of the nanorobot, can be a solution. Nanite decay can absorb energy from atomic particles. Biological nanobots can be engineered to gain the energy to enter the unimportant amount of body tissue. Regardless of the design method, a nanorobot will ideally do its work and then it will be decomposed so that the body can absorb it and it can be removed. For many reasons, silicon is a good choice for nanobot manufacturing. It is durable, flexible, and operates on electricity; Although it will not dissolve in body fluids. Since these devices are very small, so most of the tasks will require rides from them.

For medical applications, due to so many foreign particles inside the body, biodegradability will be an important problem. In order to do some tasks, especially in medical applications, controlled mobility is another issue. Medical uses of these devices are often included in the removal of plaque and cardiac repair. They have to migrate to the pre-determined site and have to stay in that place to complete the task. Another requirement of useful nanomachines is that it operates with independent autonomy from external control. Physical, electrochemical, and chemical reactions can produce reactions but the introduction of these stimuli robs the equipment of independent operation and they can also respond to the environment around NANOROBOT. An underlying reduction to produce these devices is their size. It is difficult to create atoms by atom and molecule by the molecule and does not lend itself to mass production. At the other end of the manufacturing spectrum, the commute of synthetic devices will need to be progressed in metallurgy because construction materials need to be reduced in nanoscale.

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