Biotechnology – Healthiest World Ever!
Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organisms or systems to create a product for the purpose of improving the quality of human life. The earliest biotechnologists were farmers who developed better species of plants and animals by cross-pollination or cross-breeding. The science of biotechnology can be divided into sub-topics called red, white, green, and blue. Red biotechnology has medical procedures such as acquiring organisms to produce new drugs, or using stem cells to regenerate damaged human tissues, and perhaps to re-develop whole organs. White (also called grey) Biotechnology involves processes of industries such as the new chemicals production or the new fuels development for vehicles. Green biotechnology applies to agriculture and incorporates such processes in the form of rapid growth of insect-resistant grains or disease-resistant animals. Blue biotechnology, rarely mentioned, involves processes in marine and aquatic environments, such as controlling the spread of poisonous water born organisms.
In its simplicity, biotechnology is a technology based on biology, using cellular and biomolecular processes to develop biotechnology technologies and products which help improve the health of our life and our planet. We have used organic processes of microorganisms for more than 6,000 years to preserve useful food products like bread and paneer, and dairy products. Modern biotechnology provides successful products and technologies for weakening and dealing with rare diseases, reduces our environmental footprint, feeds starvation, uses less and clean energy, and is safe, cleaner and more efficient industrial Manufacturing processes happen. At present, more than 250 biotechnology vaccines available for healthcare products and patients, many of which are available for the first unexpected illnesses. Over 13.3 million farmers worldwide use agricultural biotechnology to increase yield, prevent damage from insects and pests and reduce the impact of farming on the environment. And in order to test and refine technologies to produce biofuel and chemicals from renewable biomass, more than 50 biorefineries are being constructed in North America, which can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Like biotechnology, other advanced technologies, there is a possibility of abuse. Concerns about this have given rise to efforts by some groups to apply laws to limit or restrict certain procedures or programs, such as human cloning and embryonic stem-cell research. There is also concern that if biotechnology processes are used by groups with illegal intentions, then the end result can be biological warfare. A drug is a therapeutic substance that is used for the treatment, prevention or treatment of the disease. The most familiar type of medicine is a chemical compound which is contained in a pill/tablet/capsule. Examples are aspirin and other pain relief, antibiotics, antidepressants, and blood pressure drugs. This type of medicine is also known as a small molecule because the active ingredient contains chemical composition and a shape that is smaller in comparison to larger, complex molecules, such as proteins. A small molecule medication can be made by chemists in a laboratory. Most of these types of medicines can be taken from mouth to solid or liquid form.
Biotechnology medicines, often known as biotech medicines, are large molecules that are similar to those of proteins and other complex substances, which depend on the body to remain healthy. They are very big and very complex to use chemistry alone. Instead, they are made using live factories, micro-organisms or cell lines, which are modified to produce genetically desired molecules. Biotech medicine should be injected or rotated in the body to prevent digestion taken by mouth to break its complex structure. In general, any medication made or derived from living organisms is called biotech therapy, or biological. Some of these treatments, such as insulin and some vaccines, are in use for many decades. Most biology was developed after the advent of genetic engineering, which gave rise to the modern biotechnology industry in the 1970s. One of the first companies to realize the promise of the new field and to give biological science to the patients was one. Like pharmaceuticals, biological science patients cannot be determined until their use is approved by the regulators. For example, in the United States, the Food and Drug Administration evaluates new drugs. In the European Union, the European drug agency manages that responsibility.